Persian Adaptation of Young Parenting Inventory-Revised (YPI-R2)

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Background and purpose

Parenting styles predict early maladaptive schemas. The aim of this study was Persian adaptation and standardization of the Young Parenting Inventory-Revised (YPI-R2) among students in Tarbiat Modares University, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, and Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Tehran.

Materials and methods

The statistical population in this psychometric study included all university students studying in Tehran, 2020-2021 academic year. The samples were 240 people selected by convenience sampling. Data were collected using the Young Parenting Inventory- Revised (YPI-R2), Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21), and Ryff Psychological Well-Being Scale (RPWBS). Data analysis was performed in SPSS V24 and Liserl-8 applying descriptive and inferential statistics.


Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the six-factor structure of this scale, including competitiveness and status seeking, degradation and rejection, emotional inhibition and deprivation, overprotection, punitiveness, and controlling. Cronbach's alpha coefficient and test-retest reliability coefficient based on mothers' scores for the whole scale were 0.93 and 0.90, respectively, and Cronbach's alpha coefficient and test-retest reliability coefficient based on fathers' scores for the whole scale were 0.93 and 0.91, respectively. The YPI-R2 was found to have a positive and significant correlation with the components of the DASS-21(P<0.05) and a negative correlation with the components of the RPWBS (P<0.05), which indicated the convergent and divergent validity of the scale.


The Persian version of Young Parenting Inventory-Revised (YPI-R2) showed good validity and can be used as a short and valid diagnostic tool in clinical work and research.

Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Volume:32 Issue: 212, 2022
129 to 139  
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