Prevalence of Co-infection by Human Papillomavirus, Epstein-Barr Virus and Merkel Cell Polyomavirus in Iranian Oral Cavity Cancer and Pre-malignant Lesions
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is recognized as a most important risk factor in oral cavity cancer and pre-malignant lesions; however, etiological association of concomitant infection with other oncogenic viruses as a co-factor has not been definitively proven. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of co-infection with HPV, Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) and Merkel Cell PolyomaVirus (MCPyV) in oral cavity lesions in Iranian patients. One hundred and fourteen oral cavity samples, including 33 oral squamous cell carcinoma, 28 oral lichen planus, 16 oral epithelial dysplasia and 37 oral irritation fibromas were analyzed for the HPV, EBV and MCPyV infection by quantitative real-time PCR. According to histological features 32.5% and 28.9% of cases were oral irritation fibroma and oral squamous cell carcinoma, respectively. Infection with at least two viruses was detected in 21.1% of patients. In this group, co-infection with HPV/EBV was identified in 37.5% of cases, HPV/MCPyV in 29.2%, EBV/MCPyV in 12.5%, and HPV/EBV/MCPyV in 20.8%. There was no statistically significant difference between multiple infections and anatomical locations of cancer. The prevalence of triple viral infection (HPV/EBV/MCPyV) in well differentiated tumors was higher than EBV or MCPyV single infection. This study revealed that co-infection of HPV, EBV and MCPyV can be detected in both malignant and non-malignant oral cavity tissues, and co-infection with all three viruses in well differentiated tumors can be shown as a synergistic hypothesis of the pathogenic role of these viruses in oral malignant transformation.

International Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Volume:11 Issue: 41, Winter 2022
64 to 77  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 990,000ريال می‌توانید 60 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe for 50 € euros via PayPal and download 60 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!