An efficient data aggregation approach in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is to abstract the network data into a model. In this regard, regression modeling has been addressed in many studies recently. If the limited characteristics of the sensor nodes are omitted from consideration, a common regression technique could be employed after transmitting all the network data from the sensor nodes to the fusion center. However, it is not practical nor efferent. To overcome this issue, several distributed methods have been proposed in WSNs where the regression problem has been formulated as an optimization based data modeling problem. Although they are more energy efficient than the centralized method, the latency and prediction accuracy needs to be improved even further. In this paper, a new approach is proposed based on the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. Assuming a clustered network, firstly, the PSO algorithm is employed asynchronously to learn the network model of each cluster. In this step, every cluster model is learnt based on the size and data pattern of the cluster. Afterwards, the boosting technique is applied to achieve a better accuracy. The experimental results show that the proposed asynchronous distributed PSO brings up to 48% reduction in energy consumption. Moreover, the boosted model improves the prediction accuracy about 9% on the average.
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