Standard compression stockings are used to create elastic pressure in correcting and maintaining the hemodynamics of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and prevent limb swelling in patients with DVT. This study aimed to compare the effect of aerobic exercise with lower extremity elastic pressure on some hematological features of obese patients with DVT.
For this purpose, 33 obese men (30≤BMI≤36) with DVT were randomly divided into three groups: 1) aerobic exercise with elastic pressure, 2) aerobic exercise without elastic pressure, 3) control group. Interventions were performed for 8 weeks of running in 55-70% of heart rate reserve. To create elastic pressure, elastic socks were used during exercise. Fasting blood samples were taken before and 48 hours after the last training session to compare red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelets, and white blood cells (WBC) between the groups. ANOVA statistical test and Bonferroni post hoc test were used to compare data.
Although aerobic exercise alone did not lead to changes in variables (P> 0.05), aerobic exercise with elastic pressure reduced RBC (P: 0.001), hemoglobin (P: 0.001), hematocrit (P: 0.001) and platelets (P: 0.001). But changes in WBC were not significant (P: 0.192).
Aerobic exercises with elastic pressure on the lower limb muscles play an important role in re-balancing homeostasis. The erythrocyte systems changes of peripheral blood and reducing hematological factors and reduces hematological parameters in people with DVT are the main factor.
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