Diagnostic Value of Ultrasound Findings in Eosinophilic Esophagitis Versus Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Children

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

 Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a disease involving the esophagus due to an immune system reaction and has clinical symptoms similar to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Currently, the only definitive way to diagnose this disease is the endoscopy and biopsy of the esophageal tissue.


 In this study, we investigated the diagnostic value of ultrasound to differentiate EoE from GERD and normal patterns. In addition, we assessed the possibility of replacing ultrasound with an invasive endoscopic method for the diagnosis and follow-up of EoE.


 This cross-sectional study was conducted on 4-12-year-old children in three groups of definitely diagnosed GERD, EoE, and healthy controls. Each group consisted of 30 participants who were evaluated for ultrasound parameters. The obtained values were compared between groups. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound findings were determined by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.


 Ultrasound findings, including wall thickness and distensibility of the cervical and abdominal esophagus, gastric wall thickness, and cervical esophagus diameter had significant differences between the three groups. The EoE group had the highest mean ± SD abdominal esophageal wall thickness of 2.73 ± 0.66 mm, gastric wall thickness of 4.30 ± 0.79 mm, and cervical esophageal wall thickness of 2.32 ± 1.21 mm. The GERD group had the lowest mean ± SD cervical esophagus diameter and distensibility of the abdominal esophagus. On the other hand, this group had the highest mean distensibility of the cervical esophagus. The highest area under the curve (AUC) for discriminating EoE from controls were 0.83 and 0.80 for gastric wall thickness and abdominal esophageal wall thickness, respectively. Moreover, the highest AUCs for discriminating EoE from GERD were 0.80 and 0.71 for gastric wall thickness and cervical esophageal wall thickness, respectively.


 Although the mean of ultrasound findings in the EoE group was significantly different from the control and GERD group, the ability to discriminate EoE from the control and GERD groups was moderate (0.70<AUC<0.90). Therefore, ultrasound has only moderate value for diagnosing and following up on children with EoE and GERD.

Iranian Journal of Pediatrics, Volume:32 Issue: 6, Dec 2022
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe magiran.com for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!