Proof of War and Physical Conflict in the Battle of Bani Qurayzah
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The battle of Bani Qurayzah is one of the challenging events in the Prophet’s (PBUH) life. It is said that Bani Qurayzah was besieged by the prophet’s troops, forced to surrender, and their men were killed in captivity. But there is evidence of the occurrence of physical conflict in the battle of Bani Qurayzah, which indicates a flaw in the famous report. In the present study, this evidence is presented in five headings. First, we show that there is no tradition indicating the absence of physical warfare in the Bani Qurayzah incident, while some sources are silent on this issue and others have expressed images of shooting in this war. There are also traditions that report the bravery of Imam Ali (AS) and Zubair ibn al-Awwam on the battlefield but have been abandoned due to the silence of well-known sources. Verses by Hassan ibn Thabit are also presented as evidence of the battle of Qurayzah, which depicts a bloody war. Also, the difference between the fate of Bani Qurayzah and Bani Nadir in the occurrence of physical warfare is well illustrated in the narration of Abdullah ibn Umar and the verses of Hassan ibn Thabit as real witnesses. Another important reason is how the spoils of this war were divided and distributed among its Muslim participants after estimating and separating the khums (one-fifth) of the spoils. This method of dividing the spoils which is different from the way they were handed over to the prophet in the Bani Nadir incident indicates the occurrence of a physical conflict in Qurayzah. These pieces of evidence, which have no contradictory alternatives, indicate the occurrence of physical warfare in the battle of Bani Qurayzah.

Journal of Historical Researches, Volume:14 Issue: 4, 2023
87 to 106  
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