Jurisprudential and legal review of the role of customs in the consumption of intoxicants (see article 264 of the Islamic Penal Code)

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

One of the crimes that is common among Islamic jurists is drinking alcohol, and the explicit text of the Qur'an indicates this ruling, but the issue that is always disputed among general and special jurists is what the examples of drinking alcohol are and what causes the Hadd is committed? Among the types of intoxicants, which cases cause drinking alcohol? According to the new materials that destroy the wisdom, what is the criterion for distinguishing intoxicants from the point of view of customs? Does the method of use also have an effect on the implementation or non-implementation of the Hadd? Is it customary to commit this crime only through drinking, or does the use of other means also prove this extent? Considering that the new Islamic Penal Code adopted in 1392 in Article 264 introduces new examples of the method of use such as smoking and injection; and being silent on the other hand, about the examples of intoxication, jurisprudential and legal study of the role of custom in identifying examples and methods of intoxication is essential. The conclusion of the research is that; firstly, there is no difference between solid and liquid intoxicants, and secondly, the use of artificial intoxicants causes a limit whether it causes intoxication or not. And third, in unconventional ways of consuming intoxicants, custom is the basis

Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Researches Journal, Volume:18 Issue: 4, 2023
205 to 247
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