The roots of Islamic fundamentalism in the Islamic beliefs and ideas of the Central Asian region date back to the nineteenth century and have grown over the years during various crises. After the events of September 11, 2001 and the change in the US strategy against terrorism and the invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq, the sphere of activity and influence of Islamic fundamentalism in the Middle East has increased and its emergence in the Syrian crisis presents as an ethnic-religious crisis. It was fully manifested. Considering the developments in the region in 1400 (2021), the current study seeks to answer the main question that the how is the security policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the face of Islamic fundamentalism in Central Asia and the South Caucasus at the present time (1401-1400)? The hypothesis that arises in response to aforementioned question is that the fear of spreading this domino of tension and inflammation to Central Asia and the South Caucasus is due to the recent developments in Afghanistan and the Taliban regime, as well as the Nagorno-Karabakh crisis and the presence of Takfiri forces backed by Turkey and Azerbaijan. In particular, the Zionist regime (due to the deployment of military equipment on the territory of Azerbaijan) has forced the governments of this geographical territory, as well as the Islamic Republic of Iran and Russia, to pursue their foreign policy and security view towards regional convergence, despite conflicting interests and differences. Approach and think of creating a new model based on common threats leads to the idea of forming regional security complexes in order to confront Islamic extremism in the form of Takfiri groups.
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