Presenting a Model of Cultural Leadership in Iranian Educational Organizations Using a Content Analysis Technique

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Cultural leadership plays an important role in more effective management and leadership of organizations. As a result, the aim of this research was presenting a cultural leadership pattern in Iranian educational organizations with using content analysis technique.


This study in terms of purpose was applied and in terms of implementation method was qualitative. The research population was experts and specialists in the field of culture and management of Iranian educational organizations in 2019 year, which according to the principle of theoretical saturation, number of 22 people were selected as a sample by purposive sampling method. The research tool was a semi-structured interview, which whose validity was confirmed by the triangulation method and its reliability was calculated by the agreement coefficient method between the two coders 0.82. Finally, the data were analyzed based on open, axial and selective coding with using content analysis technique.


The results showed that cultural leadership in Iranian educational organizations had 129 open codes or indicator, 25 axial codes or concept and 3 selected codes or category. The category of individual competences were included 13 concepts of cultural strategic thinking, cultural intelligence, cultural analysis skills, ethics-orientation, justice-orientation, jihadi spirit, legitimacy, transcendence, belief to cultural citizenship, managerial intelligence, charisma, self-management and artistry, the category of interpersonal competences were included 3 concepts of creating culture of cooperation, emotional and trust building leadership and management of relationship with others and the category of organizational competences were included 9 concepts of cultural diversity management, cultural cohesion, equal access to cultural services, management of organizational values ​​and beliefs, management of cultural heritage of organization, organizational traditionalism, cultural influence, cultural symbolism and agile of cultural change. Finally, according to the identified categories and concepts, the cultural leadership pattern in Iranian educational organizations was designed.


According to the results of this study, to improve the cultural leadership can be designed and implemented programs to promote the identified categories and concepts for the cultural leadership pattern in educational organizations.

Iranian Journal of Educational Sociology, Volume:5 Issue: 2, Jun 2022
210 to 225  
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