The Precursors and Consequences of the Moral Capital of Principals of Special Non-Governmental Elementary Schools in Tehran

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Moral capital is one of the most basic issues in human societies. The present research was conducted with the aim of identifying the precursors and consequences of the moral capital of principals of special non-governmental elementary schools in Tehran.


The present study is applied in terms of objective, in interpretive paradigm in terms of qualitative approach, and content analysis in terms of strategy. The research population consisted of 15 principals working in non-governmental primary schools in Tehran, who were selected according to the principle of theoretical saturation and using purposive sampling. The research tool was a semi-structured interview, and the validity of the data was confirmed by the triangulation method, and its reliability was estimated to be more than 70% by the agreement coefficient method of two coders. Data were analyzed by open, axial, and selective coding method in MAXQDA software. According to the findings, the antecedents of managers' moral capital included 35 subcategories in 9 main categories and the consequences of managers' moral capital included 25 subcategories in 2 main categories including individual consequences and social consequences.


The results show that the causal conditions include the family characteristics, community characteristics, the personality and professional characteristics of the manager and the contextual conditions including the organizational culture of education, the important role of management in the primary school, the policies and laws of education and intervening factors including economic factors, social factors and organizational factors as the most important precursors have a positive and significant effect on the moral capital of managers.


Also, the most important consequences of managers' moral capital are individual consequences and social consequences. According to the results of the present research and in order to realize the consequences of the moral capital of the principals of special non-governmental primary schools, the context must be provided for the realization of its precursors.

Iranian Journal of Educational Sociology, Volume:5 Issue: 2, Jun 2022
182 to 194  
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