Morphological, Phenological and Pomological Characteristics of Some Promising Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) Genotypes in Dezful in Iran

Message:
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

To select the high yielding and adapted pecan genotypes for Dezful climatic conditions in Iran, 50 seedling trees were evaluated in 2019-2021 in Dezful in southwest of Iran. The results showed that P200-7 and P200-8 genotypes had the largest and smallest nuts with 14.3 and 4.2 grams, respectively. P220-2-1 genotype had the highest and P200-9, and P220-2-5 genotypes had the lowest percentage of blank nuts. Kernel removal was easy in P200-1 and P200-10 genotypes, while it was very difficult in P200-3 and P200-31 genotypes. Fruit ripening time was the earliest in P200-1 and P220-2-5 genotypes and the latest in P200-23. P200-23, P220-1-1 and P200-9 genotypes had the highest yield index with 65, 49 and 39 g cm-2 of tree trunk, respectively. The results of evaluation for heat stress tolerance in pecan genotypes showed that 40 to 70% of the branches of all genotypes were damaged by hot temperatures in the summer of 2021 with 430 hours of temperatures above 45 oC, while the branches of P200- 23 genotype were not damaged. In addition, the results indicated that heat stress damage had significant correlation with yield index (r = 0.311*) and kernel color (r = 0.323*). There was highly significant (r = -0.597**) correlation between shell thickness and kernel removal. The relationship between mean fruit weight and nut length (r = 0.386**) and nut width (r = 0.440**) were also highly significant. Factor analysis showed that nut length, shell thickness, blank nuts percentage, nut weight, yield index and heat stress damage accounted for 67% of the total variance. Finally, P200-23 genotype with high yield index, golden bright kernel color and very high heat stress tolerance, and P220-1-1 genotype with high yield and low percentage of blank nuts were identified as promising genotypes for future supplemental research.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Seed and Plant Journal, Volume:38 Issue: 1, 2023
Pages:
33 to 52
magiran.com/p2534255  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
توجه!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
دسترسی سراسری کاربران دانشگاه پیام نور!
اعضای هیئت علمی و دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام نور در سراسر کشور، در صورت ثبت نام با ایمیل دانشگاهی، تا پایان فروردین ماه 1403 به مقالات سایت دسترسی خواهند داشت!
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe magiran.com for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!