Despite the existence of very effective drugs in controlling blood sugar in diabetic patients, unfortunately, a small proportion of patients follow their medication. Several factors may affect in drug adherence. In this study, the effect of drug-related beliefs on medication adherence in diabetes was investigated.
In a cross-sectional study using available sampling method, 248 patients with type 2 diabetes referred to the specialized diabetes clinic in Hamedan in 1400 were selected. Medication compliance was checked with MMSQ-8 and medication belief was checked with BMQ questionnaire. Data were analyzed using chi-square, ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman's correlation at significance level of 0.05.
The mean age was (16.9) 52.6 years. 51.6% were women, 61.3% were men. poor, moderate, and good medication adherence rate were 53.2%, 25.8% and 21%, respectively. In patients with poor, moderate and good drug treatment, the mean (SD) of the belief score for the Specific Necessity were 17.9 (5.8), 17.2 (3.7) and 17.7 (1.2), respectively. Belief of Specific concern 16.6(0.6), 17.6 (2.3) and 1/17(1.8), belief of General overuse 13.2 (2.2), 12.6 (2.6) and 12.2 (2.3), belief in General harm were 10.6 (2.9), 10.2 (3.5) and 8.5 (0.3) and the total score of belief in drug treatment were 58.3 (1.8), 57.6 (6.8) and 55.5 (4.7) and which only the belief of General harm was statistically significant (P<0.05).
More than half of patients do not follow appropriate medication adherence. Belief about harmful side effects of diabetes drugs were significantly associated with a decrease in medication adherence.
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