Global regression evidence in the Middle Miocene strata in the Zanjan area
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The study of the effect of global regression on the Middle Miocene (upper parts of the Qom Formation and Lower parts of the Upper Red Formation) strata has been carried out on two stratigraphic sections in the Zanjan area, northwest Iran. Lithological and microfacies analysis shows that these carbonate strata gradually turn to clastic (sandstone and conglomerate) and, in some regions, turn to evaporate deposits. Microfacies studies also confirm this sedimentary facies changes. Thus, the pelagic wack/packstone microfacies gradually change to sandy bioclast pelagic wack/packstone and finally, at the top of the section changes to the continental sandstone. Facies and lithological changes confirm the shoreline regression that can be correlated with the eustatic sea-level curve. Evaporitic strata in some parts of this area show small restricted basins because of this event. The eustatic sea-level curve in the Langhian and Serravallian ages shows global sea-level fall that can be correlated with the global oxygen isotope changes and glaciation events at this time. Therefore, we can conclude that the Middle Miocene strata have been affected by this global regression in the Zanjan area.

Stratigraphy and Sedimentology Researches, Volume:38 Issue: 2, 2023
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