Designing a Model for Empowerment and Professional Competence of Taekwondo Referees
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The success of any organization depends on the proper allocation and use of tools, equipment, financial resources, raw materials and human resources of that organization. Among the factors of production, manpower is undoubtedly the most basic one.


The present study was conducted with the general aim of designing a model of competence and professional competence of Taekwondo referees. The present research method is mixed. The statistical population included international referees, federation managers and professional athletes. In the qualitative part, the sampling was performed by purposive method and snowball technique and in the quantitative part, the sample size was obtained using Morgan table and sampling was done by stratified random method. The research measurement tools were interviews and questionnaires. The results of the interviews were used to construct a questionnaire.


In order to identify and explain causal, contextual and intervening factors; identify the dimensions of the axial phenomenon; explain effective strategies and identify the consequences of Taekwondo  referees' professional competence and finally designing a Taekwondo  referees' professional competency model, the data theory of the foundation was used and the research model was designed using SMART PLS software and MAXQDA software to follow this model.


Managers and other stakeholders of the Islamic Republic Taekwondo Federation of Iran and its affiliated delegations can provide special attention to the categories and indicators expressed in the model, fields and contexts for improving the qualifications of referees in this field.

Sport Management, Volume:14 Issue: 4, 2023
240 to 260  
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