Introducing High-yielding Populations of Native Species of the Genus Thymus in Iran
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Natural essential oils derived from plants have particular importance in various markets such as agricultural, pharmaceutical, healthcare, cosmetics, and hygiene industries. Thyme has a special significance among the rest of aromatic plants. Thyme essential oil is yellow, brownish, and reddish to brown and is obtained from the distillation of leaves and flowers of Thymus vulgaris, as well as other species of thyme. It has various applications in the healthcare and cosmetic industries. Therefore, searching for different types of thyme to produce essential oils can be appealing to various industries. The results of the comparison of dry matter and essential oil production among 108 populations of 9 species of Iranian thyme and 4 populations of agricultural thyme (T. vulgaris) showed that the native populations of thyme species in Iran have a much higher economic and pharmacological potential than T. vulgaris. For instance, the specific populations of T. kotschyanus and T. daenensis can produce dry matter and essential oils in higher yields. The germplasm to be cultivated and utilized could be chosen purposefully by the designated usage of the product. If the purpose of producing thyme is to obtain dry matter for seasoning or spice, then the population 104 of T. kotschyanus, population 60 of T. fallax, population 91 of T. kotschyanus, and population 107 of T. daenensis could be considered. If, however, the purpose of cultivation of thyme is to extract essential oils, then population 104 of T. kotschyanus, population 60 of T. fallax, population 90 of T. daenensis and population 67 of T. fedtschenkoi could be utilized.

Taxonomy and Biosystematics, Volume:14 Issue: 3, 2023
71 to 88  
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