The Analysis of the Basics of the Goals, Principles and Methods of Rational Education Based on Shahid Motahari’s Perspective ) For the Formal Education System((For formal education system)
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The main goal of the current research is to analyze the foundations, goals, principles and methods of rational education from the perspective of Martyr Motahari for the formal education system. The method used in this article is a qualitative method written in a descriptive and inferential analytical way. The society of analysis is a collection of his books, descriptions and articles. The findings indicate that he has defined and explained the goal of rational education in the sense of creating the necessary grounds for the cultivation of the intellectual faculty, in order to achieve and reach the status of a complete human being, and addressing and paying attention to this educational dimension is one of the requirements of all systems, especially The formal education system has taken into account, because the great mission of this system is to cultivate critical thinking, conscious thinking and correct judgment.The most important principles of intellectual education from the point of view of this famous philosopher are: "Practical reason is affected by the states of the soul", "Thinking and learning are the basic elements of the education of reason", "The difference in human minds is essential", "All the laws of reason are with human nature. is coordinated" and Then the principles of rational education were mentioned (the principle of training practical reason through self-cultivation, the principle of rationality, the principle of the necessity of learning science, the principle of believing in the naturalness of differences in intellect in humans, the principle of aligning education and training with human nature, etc.). Finally, the methods and solutions of rational education were discussed, and some of these solutions are the method of cultivation, the method of getting used to thinking and rationalizing, the method of education based on individual differences, and the method of modeling and being a role model

Scientific Journal of Islamic Education, Volume:30 Issue: 56, 2022
317 to 348  
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