Criticisms of Shāh Ne'matollāh Vali in the Fields of Sufism, Philosophy, and Speculative Theology
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

In this paper, adopting a descriptive-explanatory method, the criticisms of one of the most influential figures of Sufism, Shāh Ne'matollāh Vali, in the epistles attributed to him are analyzed with the aim of identifying the fields critiqued by him, as well as his method and language in these criticisms. Studying these criticisms reveals his standpoints on religion, mysticism, and philosophy. Shāh Vali had many disciples and certainly a number of them had deviations; nonetheless, the results of the research show that Shāh Vali did not critique them. He limited himself to critiquing theoretical views regarding mystical journey. Shāh Vali did not believe in the position of observation and considered the knowledge of mystics to be incomplete except for the knowledge of Qutb. Also, he did not see any contradictions between the mystical journey and the ordinary life of the people. In the field of philosophy and speculative theology, although he is one of the commentators of Akbari School, he has occasionally criticized Ibn Arabi's views, as well as the views of sages, Mu'tazila and theologians, and some of the views of the Imamiyyah without mentioning the name of the one being critiqued. He was opposed to the ascetics and Shattāh; however, he had a positive view of Malamatiāyyah. From the point of view of language, Shāh Vali used parables and anecdotes less and expressed his criticisms in a simple and clear language.

Mystical Literature, Volume:14 Issue: 29, 2022
151 to 180  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 990,000ريال می‌توانید 60 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe for 50 € euros via PayPal and download 60 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!