Identification of barriers and bottlenecks in health medical tourism in the context of the outbreak of COVID-19; a mixed approachRunning Title: Identification of barriers to health medical tourism
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Global statistics shows that health tourism grew significantly before the outbreak of Covid-19, but with the beginning of the pandemic and the closure of countries' borders to immigrants, this trend has declined significantly. The present study aimed to identify the bottlenecks of health medical tourism in the context of the outbreak of Covid-19 and to present scientific solutions for its development using two stages of content analysis and surveying.

Materials & Methods

This research is exploratory in terms of purpose and descriptive in terms of type, which was conducted by field method. Study population was selected in two stages; the first stage consisted of 20 physicians with more than 15 years of experience in Ardabil province who were chosen by snowball sampling method and the second stage consisted of 200 employees of the province's University of Medical Sciences who were randomly selected. In order to analyze the data in the first stage, the content analysis  was used in 6 stages and in the second stage, the first and second order confirmatory factor analysis test was used.


The research findings showed that 9 main themes and 29 sub-themes were identified as barriers and bottlenecks in health medical tourism and 23 scientific solutions were presented to reduce barriers and bottlenecks in health medical tourism in the event of COVID-19 outbreak.


The adaptive fit indices are good and the RMSEA value is 0.047 which indicates that the model has a good fit.

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