Pathology of Land Use Planning in Guilan province
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Land use planning refers to measures widely used by the public sector to influence the future distribution of activities and settlements. These measures aim to create a rational space organization of different land uses and create more links among these land uses, balancing the demand for development with environmental protection requirements, and achieving the government's social and economic goals. Therefore, in land use planning, measures are taken to coordinate the spatial effects of policies of other sectors, to achieve an optimal distribution of economic development among regions (even in societies that adhere to the free market approach or adjust desirable changes in different land uses). The aim was structural, content, legal, managerial, and social pathology of land use plans and programs in the country. This research was applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of method. Interviews were used for collecting the data, and an attempt was made to calculate the influencing variables in the form of a questionnaire using a Likert scale to obtain the opinions of experts who had been identified by mean and correlation tests. There is a positive correlation among the components of land use. In this sense, with the increase of each component, the other component also increases, and with the decrease of one, the other decreases as well. There is the highest relationship between legal and administrative components with a score of 0.704, and the lowest relationship is related to social and structural components. Extended AbstractIntroductionGiven that the management of competing demands for land, especially the methods used by the public sector, is needed to influence the future distribution of activities, which is understood as a measure for the regulation and transformation of space, land use planning is interconnected to land use regulation. Generally, land use planning has been emphasized as a fundamental process for creating and implementing a long-term strategic planning horizon with an integrated policy-making approach emphasizing on achieving goals rather than land use regulation. These interpretations of land use planning have various meanings. Generally, land use planning is regulating the relationship among man, the land, and human activities to make appropriate and sustainable use of all the human and spatial facilities of the land to improve the material and spiritual condition of the community over time. To organize activities and their balanced distribution, both in the form of laws and regulations and in the form of study plans (including the studies of the management and planning organization of the physical plans of the road and urban development of Guilan province), many efforts have been made. However, these measures could not be effective in the appropriate distribution of activities by the capabilities of Guilan, and the issue of inappropriate distribution of facilities and the improper use of the capabilities and talents of Guilan is one of the challenges in this province. Therefore, the main objective of the research is the structural, content, and legal pathology of the land use planning and programs in Guilan province. The neglect of land use planning and centralization and strong statism and reliance on oil revenues have caused the lack of attention to people's contributions and regional resources and incomes and the lack of local and regional development of the country and the great distance among regions.MethodologyThe basis of this research according to its analytical approach is the performance of land management components in the form of augmentation attitude and integrated intervention. Therefore, the research was applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of method. In this study, the components of social, institutional, legal, structural, managerial, and content pathology have been used. The research population of this study included professors, elites, and experts of municipal, governorate, program and budget, road and urban organizations. The sample included 50 people who were randomly selected for weighting by the Delphi method. The data collection required for the research was collected in the form of the following items: Documentary and library study: the available information and statistics of Guilan province about the pathology of land use were obtained. Questionnaire: the information related to the institutions, and local capacities of different departments of management, in the community under study has been obtained. Interviews: in some cases, to get to know and understand more deeply the issues of land use planning from the institutional and synergy aspects of land use, interviews have been conducted with experts and elites in this field.Results and discussionThe findings showed that the average difference among the components was positive in the lower and upper limits, which indicated that the average value obtained was higher than the test value. Therefore, the difference between the mean of the components is significant. Therefore, the difference among the average components was significant. The significance level (P-value) obtained in all components was 0.000. This level of significance indicates the difference among the obtained means. Therefore, the difference between the average of the components and the standard average was significant according to the obtained level of significance. In pathology-related components, the structural component of the mean difference was lower. The obtained significant level showed that the obtained mean was less than the desired mean and the management of Guilan province is not favorable, this can be considered as one of the main reasons for the institutions and actors of the province and the macro-management. The variables of content, participation, and transparency were unfavorable and had a lesser contribution to the current urban management. However, according to the described conceptual model, the component of optimal urban governance in the land use process is considered a development lever because governance and synergy are prerequisites for land use planning.ConclusionThe results showed that the highest mean is related to the legal component (84.66), and the lowest mean value is related to the structural component (66.24). In the ranking of the components of land use, the legal component 34%, management 21%, and social 16% respectively had the highest score and rank in the pathology of land use, while the content and structural components were in the following levels. Content, participation, and transparency variables were disadvantaged and contributed less to current urban management. According to the correlation model, there is a higher relationship between legal and managerial components with a score of 0.623, and the lowest relationship is related to social and structural components.Funding There is no funding support.Authors’ Contribution Authors contributed equally to the conceptualization and writing of the article. All of the authors approved the content of the manuscript and agreed on all aspects of the workConflict of Interest Authors declared no conflict of interest.Acknowledgments We are grateful to all the persons for scientific consulting in this paper.
Geographical Studies of Coastal Ereas Journal, Volume:3 Issue: 4, 2023
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