Manifestations of Zakāt (Compulsory Purifying Tax) in the Realm of Constitutional Rights
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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

Fulfilment of the sublime objectives of the perspicuous religion of Islam as a comprehensive religion and the seal of religions is indebted to the knowledge of divine laws and the enjoyment of systematic view of noble teachings of Islam. The legal system of Islam is not separated from the other creedal, cognitive, moral, cultural, political, economical, and educational systems. Zakāt which is considered as an Islamic charity tax finds its effective expressions in various realms of constitutional rights. This element in Islamic financial system is a mixture of creedal, moral, legal, political, and economical policy-makings. Proper payment of zakāt and fulfilment of other Islamic Laws (prescripts) involves two things: one is the discovery and explanation of prescripts, objectives, and plans of the Islamic Law (ShariÝah) and the other is a general view of the collection of Islamic laws and maintenance of their continuity. These two important things cannot be achieved without making use of precise means of Ijtihād (individual judgement). Drawing upon library sources and descriptive-analytic method, the present research explains how zakāt can be effective in certain fields of constitutional rights which are among the duties of the Islamic government. To illustrate varying aspects of what is considered to be zakāt in Islamic law-making bears evidence for the fact that various systems in the school of Islam are inseparable and result in synergy. According to the findings of this research, the role zakāt plays is evident in such things as fostering religious culture, strengthening the foundation of family and establishing social relations, educating and correcting criminals, reinforcing the institution of Imamate, organizing public affairs, and eradicating poverty.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Islamic government, Volume:27 Issue: 4, 2023
Pages:
133 to 158
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