US Security Strategy in Afghanistan (2001-2021): John Mersheimer's Conceptual Framework for Offensive Realism

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

Since the incident of September 11, 2001, the United States has changed its security strategies and based the war on terrorism by leaving the defensive mode. Relying on the fact that the power of countries depends on the importance of the areas under their influence, America changed its security strategy to aggressive realism and preemptive aggression by attacking Afghanistan. In response to the question, what were the consequences of the American security strategy in Afghanistan (2002-2020)? This hypothesis was proposed that the American security strategy in Afghanistan, based on the policy of balancing and preemptive aggression, had negative consequences for this country. In this regard, John Mearsheimer's aggressive realism was used as a theoretical framework, and information was collected qualitatively using library sources and analyzed using a descriptive-analytical method. The results showed that the American military presence in Afghanistan was based on pre-emptive aggression and balancing policy against competing powers, and this policy did not only lead to confronting terrorist groups, organizing military-security forces, reducing civil war and improving Afghanistan's national security. , but also added to the amount of terrorist acts, the amount of human casualties and overall poverty and insecurity in this country. In fact, America's security strategy in Afghanistan has been in the framework of balancing power and preventing the emergence of a dominator and durability in the international system.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of American Strategic Studies, Volume:2 Issue: 7, 2022
Pages:
153 to 180
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