The criminal policy of Islam and Iran regarding the acceptance of apostate repentance in order to remove the suspicion of violence

Message:
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

Background and Goal: 

The phenomenon of apostasy, in the sense of returning from Islam to disbelief, is one of the most controversial jurisprudential and legal issues. The main difference between the decre for an innane (or fetri) apostate man on one hand, and an innane apostate woman and a national apostate man or woman on the other hand, is that after proving apostasy, innane apostate men are killed without punishment, while other types of apostates are punished by the ruler. Therefore, this question arises that what is the difference between “repentance” and “asking for repentance”? And according to the opinions of the jurists that “asking for repentance” of an innane apostate man would be rejected, is it possible to accept his true repentance by referring to the verses of the Qur'an?

Method

This research has been conducted with a documentary method through the study of authentic jurisprudence-legal books. Obtained information was then processed through a descriptive-analytical method.

Findings and Results

Repentance in the Islamic penal system is considered as one of the factors for punishment fall or reduction. Also, they are principally considered as discretionary punishment, with the exception of those whose hadds are established by authentic texts, such as adultery, buggery, alcohol drinking, etc. In the famous opinion of jurists, the decre of the apostate is not considered as one of the divine rules, that is, one of the fixed and unchangeable rules.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Pages:
133 to 152
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