Investigation of animal bite prevalence in Qaenat city during the years 2017-2021

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Introduction
Being bitten by animals is a great threat to people's health because it can cause the fatal disease of rabies. Rabies in Iran is still one of the health-economic problems. Therefore, the current study was conducted with the aim of investigating the prevalence situation of animal bite cases in Qaenat city over 5 years.
Materials and Methods
In this descriptive-analytical study, the statistical population includes the cases of animal bites referred to the health centers of Qaenat city during the years 2016-1400.The collected data was analyzed with spss software version 23 and Chi-square statistical test was used to check the relationship between the variables. In order to determine statistical significance, P-Value>0.05 was determined.
Results
1326 cases of animal bites were reported with an average prevalence of 2.27 per 1000 people, of which 77.34% were men. 59.28% lived in rural areas. The average age of the subjects was 44.74 ± 24.12 years and they were mostly in the age group of 50 years and older (38.3%). 77.8% of the cases were bitten by dogs. The upper limb (43.1%) was the most bitten limb and the most cases were observed in April with 9.4%.
Conclusion
With the increase of animal bites in Qaenat city and the importance of the resulting complications in terms of health and economy, the authorities should plan and intervene to reduce the cases by increasing the level of awareness through training and fighting against stray dogs.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Medical Journal of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Volume:65 Issue: 6, 2023
Pages:
2245 to 2255
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