The Lower Cambrian Barut Formation is one of the most important lithostratigraphic units in reconstructing the paleogeography of northern Iran during the early Cambrian time. Herein, we present detailed facies analysis data of this formation in the Barut Aghaji Section in southwest Zanjan to analyze the palaeoenvironment. The Barut Formation in this section consists of about 500 m thick mixed siliciclastics and carbonate rocks and its upper and lower contacts with both Soltanieh and Zaigun formations are gradational. Seven recognized lithofacies/microfacies include: red, fine- to medium-grained arkosic sandstone containing physical and biogenic tidal indicators (F1), red to green, finely laminated mudrock containing tidal biogenic structures (F2), dolomitic stromatolite boundstone (F3), dolomitic mudstone with evidence of former evaporites (F4), dolomitic thrombolite boundstone (F5), carbonate breccia/conglomerate (F6), and dolomitic oncoid wackestone (F7). These facies are arranged in shallowing-up cycles consisting of mixed flat sandstones overlain by mud flat mudrocks and supratidal carbonates. Evidence of evaporite minerals in the Barut Formation along with other contemporaneous early Cambrian evaporite basins in the Middle East, India and Pakistan, indicates a dry and warm palaeo climate during the deposition of the sediments.
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