Stratigraphy and reconstruction of the sedimentary environment of the Dalichai and Lar formations in the Yengejeh section (southeast of Zanjan)
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Stratigraphic and sedimentology studies have been carried out on sixty-nine rock samples related to the one hundred fifteen meters thickness of the Dalichai and Lar formations in the southeast of Zanjan. The carbonate layers of the Dalichai Formation with seventy-eight meters thickness overlay the strata of the Shemshak Group/Formation (the boundary has been covered) and are overlaid by thirty-seven meters thickness of carbonate layers of the Lar Formation with gradual boundary in this area. There are some sedimentological changes in the succession across the Dalichai-Lar formations boundary such as color changes, bedding thickness changes from medium to thick, disappearance of Thalassinoides facies, chert nodules, and Ammonite/Belemnite facies and finally changes in microfacies from mudstone to the wackestone/packstone (deeper to the shallower). The Lar Formation is the youngest formation in this area that has been covered by the Quaternary sediments. Five lithofacies have been identified based on field and microscopic studies: 1- Pelloidal packstone with intraclasts, 2- Pellet/oncoid wackestone/packstone, 3- Mudstone with Thalassinoides, 4- Bositra buchi pelagic packstone and 5- Pelagic mudstone that shows basin and outer ramp as depositional environments for the Dalichai and Lar formations in this section. Field and facies studies show a deepening upward trend to the middle parts of the section (upper parts of the Dalichai Formation) and followed by shallowing upward trend to the upper parts (Lar Formation) of the section.

Stratigraphy and Sedimentology Researches, Volume:38 Issue: 4, 2023
77 to 94  
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