Mechanisms of Establishment of an Entrepreneurial University based on Resistance Economy

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Higher education and accordingly universities have an important role in the economic development of the country in the face of sanctions. Since one of the most important goals of establishing an entrepreneurial university in the country has been materialization of a resistance economy, the entrepreneurial university will play a significant role in achieving this goal. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to scrutinize the mechanisms of establishing an entrepreneurial university based on resistance economy.

Materials and Method

This research was approached qualitatively using grounded theory (systematic approach). The target population consisted of experts in the field of higher education who were selected through purposive and non-probability sampling through snowball method and 14 people were interviewed according to the theoretical saturation of the findings. Data analysis was performed using content analysis method in open, axial and selective coding of Strauss and Corbin. To check the validity and the reliability of the data, two methods of review were applied by the researcher, participants and expert review.

Result and Discussion

The results of data analysis included 360 ​​subcomponents, 25 sub-categories and 6 main categories, which were in form of contextual factors (changing attitudes and views on entrepreneurship with a resilient economy approach, preparing, implementing and controlling university marketing programs with a resilient economics approach, conducting joint university research with industry owners and economic companies, diversifying the university's financial resources), causal factors (human resources, entrepreneurial advocacy measures based on resistance economics), intervening factors (reward and incentive system, flexibility of rules and regulations, financial support and entrepreneurial investment), phenomenon-centeredness (entrepreneurial organizational structure based on resistance economics, entrepreneurial education based on resistance economics, entrepreneurial culture based on resistance economics, entrepreneurial marketing based on resistance economics), strategies (establishing an entrepreneurial culture based on resistance economics, curriculum with entrepreneurial approach based on resistance economics, applying the results of academic research, creating knowledge-based companies, launching university companies), and consequences (achieving the goals of a resistance economy, responding to the environment, academic independence, work and work culture, stakeholder satisfaction). They explicate the performance mechanisms of entrepreneurial university based on resistance economy. In line with the findings, in the current situation, in order to solve economic problems, universities should implement problem-based educational and research projects needed by society and provide appropriate solutions to reduce and eliminate economic problems. In the end, based on the findings, practical suggestions are presented.

Journal of Management and Planning in Educational Systems, Volume:16 Issue: 30, 2023
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