The effects of Imam Muhammad Ghazali's view on human perfection on later thinkers
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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

Human beings have purposeful creation in the position of Ashraf and must achieve the degree of perfection in the path of life in order to be worthy of their main position. This important matter has made thinkers to express the way to perfection in many ways. Abu Hamed Mohammad Ghazali, as a thinker and thinker, has expressed valuable opinions about perfection by writing numerous works. The main purpose of this article is to investigate the effects of Imam Muhammad Ghazali's view on the perfection of man on his later thinkers in an analytical-descriptive way. From his point of view, the ultimate perfection of man is to gain control over the soul and as a result to reach the closeness of God. He has mentioned steps to get this rank. These steps begin with finding a guide (bearers of the divine message) and following religion and are strengthened by acquiring knowledge and knowledge. Then by avoiding vices and acquiring virtues, this can be achieved. Ghazali has created many developments in the field of perfection compared to his predecessors, the basis of which was the amount of benefit from religion. He has left his influence in various fields of philosophy, theology and mysticism, which shows the wide scope of his influence. Influences such as turning more attention to religion, moderate rationalism, the integration of Tariqat and Sharia, etc. Molla Sadra, Faiz Kashani, Sanai and Maulvi are among these thinkers who have been most influenced by him.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Theology, Volume:15 Issue: 61, 2023
Pages:
81 to 94
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