Analyzing the Tanzili Approach in Solving Social Problems in the Qur'an, Focusing on Women's Issues
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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

A variety of approaches have been developed to solve social problems in the humanities, including holistic and atomistic approaches, changing structures that reproduce the problem, and social policy. The Qur'an also dealt at length with the solution to human problems in different dimensions and fields. One of the most important issues of social societies is the status of women in society. The West, with an atomistic approach and without paying attention to the structures that reproduce the problem, while accepting feminism, has chosen to recognize equality in abilities and rights, financial independence and participation in the society's economy, and granting political and social freedoms to women in social policies as solutions of problems related to the status of women in society. This research, by analyzing the method of extraction of human sciences, has investigated the approach of the Qur’an in solving problems using the second part of Ijtihadi method and Tanzili (descending) approach in selecting the verses based on the order of their revelation. Given the structures that reproduce the problem, the Qur'an has attempted to change both subjective and objective structures of society. 
By examining the approach of the Qur'an, we have come to the conclusion that the approach of the Qur'an is not entirely based on a holistic approach nor an atomistic approach. Rather, in resolving problems while correcting many social harms, the Qur'an has removed the gender issue from psychological significance, corrected the structures that reproduce the problem, and, in a logical process in the context of gradual descent, has started extensively to make policies in the three cognitive, attitudinal and behavioral dimensions. These issues are presented in seven steps.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Quran and social science, Volume:2 Issue: 4, 2023
Pages:
141 to 163
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