Studying the Effect of Sociological Factors on the Tendency to Drug Trafficking in Ardabil border province
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Due to its socio-economic profitability, drug trafficking has become one of the policing problems of the society and the current social problem of the society. According to statistics, the amount of drug trafficking in Ardabil border province has been increasing. Based on this, the main goal of the research is to study the effect of sociological factors on the tendency to drug trafficking in Ardabil province. The research method is of survey research type (quantitative). The research instrument is a questionnaire. Its statistical population is 408,322 individulas and the sample size is 384 individuals (Cochran's formula) selected by random sampling among the citizens. After the conceptual and operational definition of the variables, the level of validity (experts) and reliability (Cronbach's alpha above .7) of the research were confirmed. According to the research results, between formal and informal social control (r = -.423), differential cohabitation (r = .320), family disorganization (r = .289), social anomie (r = -.412), relative deprivation (r = .380) and gaining social status (r = .200) have a significant relationship with the tendency to drug trafficking. The adjusted determination coefficient is equal to 28% and the multiple correlation coefficient is equal to 25%. According to the research findings, by reducing socio-environmental disorganization through re-creating formal and informal control related to law enforcement institutions, elimination of defenseless urban-environmental space, strengthening the new business environ- ment (increasing job participation and reducing unemploy- ment and sense of social alienation) and creating social capital (strengthening trust and family cohesion, religious affiliation) can reduce the tendency to drug trafficking.
Journal of Border Science and Technology, Volume:12 Issue: 44, 2023
60 to 78  
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