Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Toxoplasma gondii Infections in Pregnant Women and Sheep in Meket District, North East Ethiopia

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is one of the most important zoonotic diseases in the world. The study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence and associated risk factors of T. gondii infections among sheep and pregnant women in Meket District, North-East Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2021 to June 2021. A simple random sampling strategy and a systematic random sampling strategy were used to select individual animal owners and pregnant women, respectively. A total of 530 blood samples (322 from sheep's jugular vein and 208 from the cephalic vein of pregnant women) were collected and examined using the latex agglutination test kit (LAT). A univariate and multivariate logistic regression test was applied to show the association between the dependent and independent variables, considering p<0.05 with a 95% confidence interval. The overall seroprevalence of T. gondii among individual sheep, flock levels, and pregnant women was found to be 31.4%, 72.5%, and 32.2%, respectively. Age, sex, water source, and cat ownership and cleaning of cat litter were significantly associated (p<0.05) with T. gondii infection in sheep and pregnant women, respectively. In conclusion, serological findings and the questionnaire survey indicated that T. gondii infection is highly prevalent in sheep and pregnant women in the study area, and hence appropriate control measures, including regular surveillance, health education, good hygiene, and management of cats, should be implemented to mitigate the problem.
Journal of Zoonotic Diseases, Volume:7 Issue: 3, Summer 2023
333 to 344  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
دسترسی سراسری کاربران دانشگاه پیام نور!
اعضای هیئت علمی و دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام نور در سراسر کشور، در صورت ثبت نام با ایمیل دانشگاهی، تا پایان فروردین ماه 1403 به مقالات سایت دسترسی خواهند داشت!
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!