Effect of Water Aerobics on Body Mass Index, Lipid Profile, and AtherogenicFactors of Middle-aged Obese Women
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Background and Objectives

Obesity is one of the chronic diseases that is associated with metabolic disorderssuch as dyslipidemia. This study aims to determine the effect of a Aerobic Aquatic Trainingon bodymass index (BMI), lipid profile, and atherogenic factors in middle-aged obese women.

Subjects and Methods

In the present quasi-experimental study, 30 middle-aged women with a BMIgreater than 30 kg/m2 were randomly divided into two groups of exercise and control. Exercise programincluded six weeks of water aerobics at an intensity of 50-65% of the maximum heart rate (two sessionsper week). Assessments were done during fasting 48 hours before and 48 after the exercise. Dependentt-test and analysis of covariance were used for statistical analysis.


After the exercise period, a significant decrease in triglyceride (P=0.018) and the ratios of LDL toHDL (P<0.001) and total cholesterol to HDL (P<0.001) was reported as well as a significant increase inHDL, compared to the control group. However, no significant difference was observed in BMI (P=0.098),total cholesterol (P=0.318), and LDL (P=0.634).


Six weeks of water aerobics can improve lipid profile and reduces atherogenic factors inobese women without a significant effect on BMI.

Jundishapur Scientific Medical Journal, Volume:21 Issue: 5, 2023
638 to 649
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