A Study on the Decline of ZaydÊ School of Thought and Government in Northern Ir§n

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

ZaydÊ thought and government appeared in Gīlān and Ṭabaristān from the third century AH. Although this phenomenon became the origin of fundamental changes in the Islamic world, it did not last long and soon external and internal challenges surrounded it and caused its weakness and decline. Few researches have been studied the causes of this decline. There are some ambiguities and lack of comprehensiveness regarding those causes, which justifies the necessity of conducting a new research. This article seeks to explain the factors of the decline of religion and the Zaidian government in northern Iran. It seems that in addition to the causes presented in the previous researches, discriminatory behavior of the ZaydÊ rulers and imams; division and competition between the people of Gīlān and Daylamān, divergence of the new generations of Alavids from Islam and its customs; and regaining of power by Bāvandiya and their support for Twelvers, preaching of Twelver scholars, the lethal challenge of the Ismāʿīliyya devotees with the Zaydis; the emergence of the Muṭarrifiyya sect in Yemen, and the desire of the Zaydis of northern Iran to migrate to Yemen in order to counter it, could be  added to the list of reasons for decline

The Journal of Islamic History and Civilisation, Volume:19 Issue: 43, 2023
55 to 84
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