Numerical Investigation of MHD Carreau Hybrid Nanofluid Flow over a Stretching Sheet in a Porous Medium with Viscosity Variations and Heat Transport

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
This article delves into the interpretation of the Lorentz force's impact when employing the Carreau hybrid nanofluid model with infinite shear rate viscosity over a stretching sheet, which incorporates porous medium. This model is highly effective in elucidating various non-Newtonian fluid behaviors, encompassing shear thinning and thickening properties. The governing equations consist of coupled nonlinear PDEs, which are transformed into a set of coupled nonlinear ODEs using similarity transformations. These equations are then numerically solved using a MATLAB built-in solver (bvp4c). Different characteristics of the considered flow of various parameters, such as the magnetic parameter, porous media parameter, Weissenberg number, stretching parameter, ratio parameter, coefficients space, and heat source/sinks, on temperature and velocity profiles, which are presented graphically. Additionally, the impacts of these parameters on the skin-friction coefficient and Nusselt number are tabulated. The Key findings suggest that, the higher values of the porous media parameter, magnetic parameter, Weissenberg number, and stretching parameter led to a decrease in velocity by 67.12% and 75.49% on average. Moreover, the velocity profile, Nusselt number, and skin friction coefficient are higher for the Al2O3/KO-based nanofluid compared to the Al2O3+MoS2/KO-based hybrid nanofluid. Also, the boundary layer of the hybrid nanofluid is observed to be hotter than that of the single nanoparticle nanofluid.
Journal of Computational Applied Mechanics, Volume:54 Issue: 3, Sep 2023
410 to 424  
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