The Association of “First 1000 Days of Life” Training Program on Communication Skill and Empathy of Undergraduate Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study

Article Type:
Case Study (دارای رتبه معتبر)

1000 First Days of Life (1000FDL) training program is carried out for 2 years from the 3rd to 6th semester;in this program, students are asked to accompany pregnant women until their children are 2 years old. This study aimed to analyse undergraduate medical students’ communication skills and empathy levels and determine the association between communication skills and empathy after the training program.


This is a cross-sectional study in which 176 undergraduate medical students in Hasanuddin Universityparticipated; they were enrolled in 1000FDL training program and selected using purposive sampling. Data were collected using Modified Arabic Version of the ABIM’s Patient Assessment (MAV-ABIM) and Jefferson Scale of Empathy – Student Version (JSE-S) questionnaires to assess their level of communication skills and empathy. In this study, demographic data were obtained using a semi-open-ended questionnaire. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Chi-Square, and Spearman tests.


Communication skill was very good (83.5%), good (15.9%), and inadequate (0.6%), while the empathy level washigh (9.1%), medium (25%), and low (65.9%). There was no significant difference between the level of communication skills (P=0.168) and empathy (P=0.145) based on gender, but there was a significant difference between <12 or >12 times interaction with the empathy level (P<0.001). The association between the level of communication showed that the level of empathy was significant (P<0.001, r=0.399).


Undergraduate medical students had very good communication skills but low empathy levels. There was a positive association between communication skills and empathy level after the training program. The students’ empathy level can be improved by increasing the frequency of interaction with patients in experiential learning through training programs.

Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism, Volume:11 Issue: 4, Oct 2023
222 to 229  
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