Investigating the Agronomic Value of One White Bean Cultivar Applying for Commercialization

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
This experiment was conducted in order to investigate the agronomic value of one new variety of white bean named "Hidajdor" which were introduced by the private sector with the aim of registering the named variety in the national list of plant varieties. This bean cultivar "Hidajdor" along with 4 domestic control cultivars (Almas, Dorsa, Pak, and Shokufa) were studied in 3 different locations (Karaj, Zanjan, and Khomein) based on complete randomized block design in three replications during two crop seasons (2019-2020 and 2020-2021). Results showed that flowering occurred significantly earlier in candidate cultivar "Hidajdor" than control cultivars (6 days earlier than mean of control cultivars). As the same way, physiological seed ripening in candidate cultivar occurred earlier than control cultivars (4 days earlier than mean of other cultivars). In candidate "Hidajdor" cultivar, despite the lower height of the plant compared to control cultivars, the height of the first pod was higher than control cultivars (5.5 percent). Although the number of seeds in the plant of "Hidajdor" candidate cultivar was lower than control cultivars (19.6 percent), but this cultivar produced bigger seeds, so that the average weight of one hundred seeds of this cultivar (46.72 g) was significantly higher (37.8 percent) than the control cultivars (29 g). Finally, the candidate cultivar "Hidajdor" can play an effective role as new germplasm in the country's beans production due to its erect growth type and ease of harvesting, early maturity, and production of larger seeds (marketability).
Language:
Persian
Published:
Iranian Journal of Field Crop Science, Volume:54 Issue: 3, 2023
Pages:
53 to 67
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