Lowering the Dose of Corticosteroid Regimen in Kidney Transplantation: Is It Effective in Decreasing Post-operative Surgical Complications?

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Purpose

To investigate the impact of reducing post-operative oral corticosteroid regimen on associated postoperative surgical complication rate, patient and graft survival in kidney transplant patients.

Materials and Methods

In this retrospective cohort study, we enrolled patients who received a kidney transplant during two periods of distinct corticosteroid protocols. 592 patients in group 1 received prednisone 2 mg/kg (maximum dose 120 mg) on post-operative days (POD) 1, 2 and 3, 1mg/kg for a week, and tapered it to 10 mg by 3 months post-transplant and sustained the daily 10mg from 3 months post-transplant as maintenance therapy. 639 patients in group 2 received prednisone 50 mg on POD 1, 40mg on POD 2, 30mg on POD 3, 20mg on POD 4, 15mg on POD 5 and continued with 10mg daily from POD 6, as maintenance therapy. The two groups were similar in terms of other immunosuppression drug regimens.

Results

75 (12.7%) patients in group 1 and 24 (3.4%) patients in group 2 developed corticosteroid-related postoperative surgical complications (P < .001). Wound infection (P = .035), incisional hernia (P = .003), infectious collection (P = .004), post-op hemorrhage (P = .005) and ureteral fistula (P = .076) occurred with lower frequency in group 2. Patient survival (1-year: 97.3% vs 97.1%, respectively; P = .85, 5-year: 89.9% vs 94.9%, respectively; P = .06) and graft survival (1-year: 94.6% vs 93.3%, respectively; P = .29, 5-year: 81.2% vs 85.1%, respectively; P = .39) were similar in both groups.

Conclusion

Post-operative corticosteroid dosage decrement through our protocol would lessen the serious associated postoperative surgical complications, without negative impacts on overall patient and graft survival.

Language:
English
Published:
Pages:
350 to 354
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