Numerical Simulation of the Segmental Tunnels Performance in the Swelling rocks

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
In this research, the performance of tunnels with segmental lining in swelling rocks have been studied. In this regard, the way segments are arranged in relation to each other, how the segments are connected along the longitudinal and circumferential lines of the tunnel, and the extent of creating the excavation wall, the effect of the thickness of the segment and the lining system, the effect of the depth of the tunnel and other details are studied. In this regard from the FLAC 3D software was used for numerical modeling. Among the important results obtained in this research, the displacements of the tunnel after applying the boundary conditions and modeling the segments and taking into account all the elements and the phenomenon of creep and surrounding stones with accurate values as the average initial displacement around the tunnel at the specified points are 4.63 mm, this displacement continues the upward trend with a steep slope for a week and increases up to 6.49 mm, and after a week, the increasing rhythm decreases and reaches 6.92 on average in 50 days, and this trend increases again. After 400 days, it reached the value of 9.85 and then the increasing rhythm decreased again, so that after 11 years, the average displacement reaches the value of 11.09, and after this period of time, the displacement of the tunnel becomes very insignificant.
Language:
English
Published:
Journal of the Structural Engineering and Geotechnics, Volume:12 Issue: 2, Summer and Autumn 2022
Pages:
55 to 66
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