The efficiency of combined process of electrocoagulation with iron electrodes and a filter columns containing pumice in removing chromium and cyanide from the wastewater of Safa Dasht industrial estate

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Background and Objectives
Nowadays, environmental preservation is considered a necessary matter for society. Industrial wastewater treatment requires various effective processes, due to their unique physicochemical characteristics. The quality and quantity of industrial wastewater are more complicated than human wastewater due to the presence of various industries and must be treated before being discharged into the environment due to their high pollution load. One of the common pollutants in industrial wastewater is heavy metals. The electrocoagulation and filtration process, as an environmentally friendly and integrated process, have a high capability in treating wastewater with high levels of pollution.
Material and
Methodology
In this study, the electrocoagulation process was used on a laboratory scale to remove chromium (hexavalent) and cyanide metal pollutants. In this process, the effect of various parameters, including the initial pH of the wastewater (5-9), reaction time (0-60 minutes), applied electric current (1-3 Amps), and filtration bed height (10-30 cm) were investigated.
Findings
Based on the obtained results, the best conditions for the electrocoagulation process include a pH of 7, a reaction time of 60 minutes, an applied electric current of 3 Amps, and a filter bed height of 30 cm. Under these optimal conditions, the removal efficiency of chromium and cyanide was 92% and 88%, respectively. In this way, in the determined optimal conditions, the concentration of chromium and cyanide decreased from 13 and 0.908 mg/L to 1.56 and 0.72 mg/L, respectively.
Discussion and
Conclusion
Based on the standards provided by Iran's Environmental Protection Organization, treated wastewater has the ability to be discharged into the environment.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Sustainability, Development and Environment, Volume:4 Issue: 15, 2023
Pages:
35 to 53
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