A Recreation of the Alishah Tabrizi Mosque Complex Based on the Archaeological Excavations and the Drawings in Historical Travel Accounts

Message:
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Abstract
Problem statement: Reconstruction or recreation of the original form and structure of the demolished parts of the Tāj al-Din ‘Alishāh Mosque complex has long been a fundamental question in Iranian archeology and the history of architecture. Archaeologically, what is today visible as the Arch of ‘Alishāh’s iwan is a solid brick structure built in two constructional phases, with the northern part predating the southern one Furthermore, a series of historical reports exists on the entombment of Tāj al-Din ‘Alishāh the Vizier, known as the Tāvus Khāna building, as being located behind the ‘Alishāh Mosque. Drawing on the excavated debris of the vault of the ‘Alishāh’s iwan and the available historical reports and drawings, the hypothesis of this research suggests that the presently standing remains of the Arch of ‘Alishāh (the southern annex to the earlier structure) served as the mausoleum of Tāj al-Din ‘Alishāh’s the Vizier and that the ‘Alishāh Mosque should be recreated in a four-iwans plan with four minarets.
Research
method
It consists of the recreation of the Arch of ‘Alishāh in light of archaeological data as well as the drawings printed in Matrākçi Nasuh (Matrakchi) and Monsieur Jean Chardin’s travel accounts, which show the ‘Alishāh Complex before the 1780 earthquake.
Conclusion
The agreement between the archaeological data and the cited drawings in travel accounts indicates that the structure today known as the Arch of ‘Alishāh is, in fact, the Tāvus Khāna building that was founded behind the four-iwans Friday Mosque of ‘Alishāh. The charity religious complex of ‘Alishāh consisted at least of six major architectural components: a mosque, a madrasa (school), a monastery, a large marble pool, the mausoleum of ‘Alishāh, and an outer wall surrounding the entire complex with a gateway. The south iwan opened into the mosque’s shabistān (prayer hall), the west iwan into the madrasa (school), and the east iwan into the monastery of ‘Alishāh.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Pages:
35 to 48
magiran.com/p2647673  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
توجه!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe magiran.com for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!