Seminarians, modern medicine and epidemic diseases Preliminary genealogy of the patterns of encounter of seminarians with epidemic diseases in the first Qajar and Pahlavi periods

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

After the microbiological revolution in medicine and the change in dealing with epidemics, challenges arose between new medical orders and religious orders. Challenges brought a variety of reactions: from complete opposition to compliance, and from acceptance-defiance combination to support and synergy. Examining the interactive and confrontational patterns of these two institutions has great sociological importance. The present study tries to investigate one of the most important moments of seminarians' confrontation with modern medicine, namely the Qajar and Pahlavi period, with a qualitative approach and using the method of documentary study and Weberian genealogy. This research tries to find an answer to the following questions: What are the types of exposure of seminarians to the spread of infectious diseases? What has been the mental meaning of the clergy as a social group about intervention in public health? Each form of acceptance or opposition to modern medicine is placed in what network of values? Based on the findings of the research, seminarians' reactions to epidemics can be explained under six descriptive lines. These items are constructed in relation to three variables: "social matter", "modern medicine" and "the place of the supernatural in interpretation". The results of this research show that the dominant way of encountering modern medicine is "modern medicine" and the more we advance, the understanding of the disease as an individual thing moves towards the social understanding of the disease. Accordingly, seminarians consider social mediators in their theological treatises. The position of the supernatural has not been fundamentally shaken, but has only changed from a close cause to a distant cause.

lranian Journal of Social Problems, Volume:14 Issue: 1, 2023
65 to 88  
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