Evaluation of Critical Thinking Skills in Medical Students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

 According to the 21st-century cooperative learning framework, skills and competencies include critical thinking skills, problem-solving, communication skills, creativity and updating skills, information and communication technology literacy skills, and media literacy skills. Increasing critical thinking skills is a basic necessity in the world's modern and advanced educational systems.


 This study aimed to evaluate the critical thinking skills of medical students.


 This descriptive and analytical-cross-sectional study was conducted on 271 medical students in the basic science section of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2023 who were selected by census method. The data were collected by demographic characteristics and California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST). Descriptive and inferential statistical methods were used to analyze the data using SPSS software version 21.


 The total critical thinking skills score in the studied students was 8.89 ± 3.60, equivalent to 25% of the total score. The highest and lowest areas were related to comparative reasoning and inference, with an average of 4.35 ± 1.94 and 2.59 ± 1.56, respectively. There was no significant difference between the average critical thinking skills score regarding age, gender, academic semesters, and living in a dormitory or non-dormitory.


 Based on the results, medical students' critical thinking skills are weak and lower than the exam average. The educational system of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences should be reviewed in designing a curriculum that can foster critical thinking.

Educational Research in Medical Sciences, Volume:12 Issue: 1, Jun 2023
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