Central Serous Chorioretinopathy Risk Factors in An Iranian Cohort: A Case-control Study

Message:
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Purpose

This study aimed to investigate the possible risk factors of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) in an Iranian cohort.

Methods

We recruited 39 consecutive CSCR cases and 80 age-matched controls with no ocular pathology from the same medical center from March 2019 to March 2021. Enrolled patients underwent complete ophthalmological examination and extensive history taking in a referral setting. Logistic regression analysis was performed to detect any possible association of potential risk factors with CSCR.

Results

The mean age of CSCR patients was 40.69±7.71 years. The male-to-female ratio in cases and controls was 1:1.79 and 1.22:1, respectively. Logistic regression analysis revealed that alcohol consumption (odds ratio, OR: 62.0, 𝑃 <0.001), smoking (OR: 4.0, 95% CI: 1.47-10.85, 𝑃 <0.006), corticosteroid use (OR: 6.95, 95% CI: 2.64-18.28, 𝑃 <0.001), and high psychological stress (OR: 13.34, 95% CI: 4.68-38.02, 𝑃 <0.01) were significant risk factors for developing CSCR. Ischemic heart disease (𝑃 =0.550), hypertension (𝑃 =0.750), and hyperopia (𝑃 =0.467) were not associated with the risk of CSCR. The most common form of steroid use was oral in both groups. No pregnant female was present in the study sample, precluding the assessment of its potential association with CSCR.

Conclusion

CSCR often affects individuals of productive working ages; thus, identifying its preventable risk factors is highly encouraged. Our results suggested that alcohol consumption, smoking, and high levels of psychological stress are independent, preventable risk factors for CSCR.

Language:
English
Published:
Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research, Volume:18 Issue: 4, Oct-Dec 2023
Pages:
410 to 416
magiran.com/p2652030  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
توجه!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe magiran.com for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!