Changes in Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate Channel of 661w Cells In vitro with Excessive Light Time

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

To determine the response time and protective mechanism of the cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) channel in 661w cells.


661w cells were exposed to 4500Lux visible light for three and four days at the following exposure time periods per day: 20, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 180. Cells were incubated for the rest of the time without any other treatment. Cell activity and cell death rates were measured with Hoechst/PI (diphenylmethane/propidium iodide) staining. Western Blot was used to detect the levels of guanylate cyclase-activating proteins 1 (GCAP1), cGMP, and phosphodiesterase (PDE)6 in the cGMP-gated channel.


661w cells showed low mortality within three days. The mortality rate increased from the fourth day, especially during the longer times (120 and 180 min) of light exposure. After three-day illumination, the level of cGMP increased after 20 and 90 min and the level of GCAP1 increased after 60 and 90 min. After four days of illumination, the level of GCAP1 upregulated after a time of 20 and 60 min, while the cGMP level decreased from 30 min. The expression of PDE6 upregulated at each light period.


The survival rate of 661w cells was relevant to the time of light exposure. The changes in GCAP1, cGMP, and PDE6 levels over time were possibly related to cell metabolism and restoration after light-induced damage.

Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research, Volume:18 Issue: 4, Oct-Dec 2023
417 to 423  
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