Sociological analysis of sport function in the re-socialization of criminals(Case study of male prisoners in Sanandaj)

Article Type:
Case Study (بدون رتبه معتبر)

Exercise (sport) is a tool to improve the level of well-being and comfort and a way to develop and maintain physical and mental health in society.One of the organizations that can use sports as a tool to heal unhealthy and abnormal people (criminals) who have somehow disrupted the order and security of society and are kept in a closed environment called prison, is Prison organization. In this regard, sport in prison can be used as a practical solution in educating and reforming prisoners. First, in the qualitative part of the research, using the grounded theory technique of Strauss and Corbin model, 35 people were interviewed and then, in the quantitative part, a questionnaire was given to 260 male prisoners in Sanandaj town. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by experts and its reliability was calculated by Cronbrach’s alpha (70%). It is considered a "theory based" for validity. The findings showed that the phenomenon of the quality of punishment as a social phenomenon is commensurate with the review action of a prisoner who wants to strengthen himself mentally through exercise to return to society, and this study can be a good model with an overview Oriented, systematic, and long-term, the work of sport is to re-socialize criminals and seeks to guide the actions of managers in the long time horizons and wider areas of implementation.

Journal of Socio - Cultural Changes, Volume:20 Issue: 2, 2023
150 to 177  
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