The Effect of Fundamental Movement Skills Education with Rhythm on Auditory Reaction and Coordination Parameters

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Rhythm has an important role in ensuring order in the flow of movement and the development of physical skills. Perceiving rhythm well and performing movements in rhythm makes a great contribution to motor development.


This study aimed to assess the effect of fundamental movement skills education with rhythm on auditory reaction and coordination.


A total of 22 students who enrolled in the faculty of sports sciences participated in the study. Students participated in the fundamental movement skills education course twice a week for eight weeks. The study categorized the participants into experimental (n=11) and control (n=11) groups. Both groups exercised 60 minutes of these movements two days a week, and the experimental group performed these exercises accompanied by rhythm. The study measured students' auditory reactions and coordination before and after executing the fundamental movements. Auditory reaction time was measured by the Light Trainer®- Reaction Light Exercise System, and coordination was measured by the Togu Challenge Disc 2.0 device to measure coordination scores. It utilized the SPSS 23.0 package program to analyze the collected data. It also performed the Wilcoxon T-test to identify the difference between the pre-test and post-test within groups and the Mann-Whitney U-test to determine the difference between the two groups. The study sets the statistical significance level as p<0.05.


In the intra-group comparison, there was a statistically significant difference in the reaction parameters (p=0.01) of the experimental and control groups. However, it was only the coordination parameter (p=0.01) in the inter-group comparison (p<0.05).


The study observably concluded that fundamental movement skills education significantly affected the auditory reaction parameter in both groups; however, the rhythm was ineffective. Moreover, in contrast to the auditory reaction, the rhythm positively affected the coordination parameter.

Annals of Applied Sport Science, Volume:11 Issue: 4, Winter 2023
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