Comparative Characteristics of Psychophysiological and Shooting Performance Between Intermediate and Elite Compound Archers

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Archery is a sport that requires a unique set of skills, equipment, and mental focus.


The aim of this study was a compare characteristics of psychophysiological and shooting performance between intermediate and elite compound archers.


Using a cross-sectional study design, twenty archery players participated in the study (age range from 13–21 years old). The participants were divided into two groups: intermediate groups and elite groups. The revised Competitive State Anxiety-2 (CSAI-2R) was used to measure competitive anxiety and arousal. In addition, heart rate was measured using a Polar heart rate monitor, and a digital pulse oximeter (Instant Read Finger Pulse Oximeter, Model OX250, MeasuPro, USA) was used to monitor participants’ blood oxygen percentage.


The results of the groups were compared using descriptive, independent T-test and Pearson correlation tests. The descriptive analysis indicated a pattern of decrement in cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, blood oxygen, and heart rate among the elite group compared to the intermediate group during shooting. The results also showed a significant difference between groups for oxygen percentage and shooting performance. No significant difference between groups for cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, self-confidence, and heart rate. Furthermore, self-confidence and shooting performance showed a higher correlation among the elite group.


It can be concluded that the elite archers with better shooting scores are associated with lower psychophysiological variables, including cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, blood oxygen percentage, heart rate, and higher self-confidence compared to intermediate archers.

Annals of Applied Sport Science, Volume:11 Issue: 4, Winter 2023
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