lncRNA VLDLR-AS1 Gene Expression in Colorectal Cancer in Patients from East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third mostcommoncancer that frequently spreads to other parts of thebody, with a low chance of recovery and a high mortality rate. Long non-coding RNAsare considered significant prognostic and diagnostic indicators because they are dysregulated in various cancers and have distinctive expression patterns and high tissue- and cell-specificity. VLDLR-AS1 lncRNA deregulation has been associated with several malignancies.


This study aimed to evaluate the expression levels of VLDLR-AS1 in CRC. It was the first time this assessment was conducted.


We studied 188 samples, including 94 tumor samples and 94 paired adjacent non-tumor tissues. Total RNA was extracted, and its quantity and purity were assessed. TaKaRa PrimeScript 1st Strand cDNA Synthesis Kit (Kusatsu, Japan) was used for the reaction. The StepOnePlus Real-Time PCR System (Applied Biosystems) was set up to assess the relative expression of VLDLR-AS1.


According to the qRT-PCR data, the VLDLR-AS1 expression levels in CRC tissues were significantly lower than in tumor margins (P < 0.0001). In addition, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that VLDLR-AS1 expression can discriminate between tumor and non-tumor samples with the sensitivity and specificity of 72.34% and 51.06%, respectively (P = 0.03, AUC = 0.6274). However, no significant association was found between the expression levels of VLDLR-AS1 and clinicopathological features in CRC patients.


The results of this study indicated that VLDLR-AS1 lncRNA is significantly downregulated in the tumor tissues of CRC patients compared to healthy tumor margin tissues. This evidence shows the potential of this gene as a promising biomarker for the early detection of CRC development.

Jentashapir Journal of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Volume:14 Issue: 4, Dec 2023
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