Historical Analysis of the Meaning of the Word "Ḥubuk" (حبک) in the Verse «و السماء ذات الحبک‏» in Interpretations and Persian and Latin Translations

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

The difference of philologists in the meaning of the root "ḥ b k"(ح ب ک) has also been extended to the difference of commentators about derivatives of this root, including the word ḥubuk (حبک) in verse 7 of Surah Dhārīyāt. Philologists have defined this root as cutting the flesh to the bone, fasten and strengthening, and moderation, establishment and good skill in something. But the historical course of the interpretation of the verse 7 of Surah Dhārīyāt shows that the commentators have given twelve interpretations of the word ḥubuk, which are: 1. Good creation; 2. Beauty and excellence; 3. Ornament; 4. Stars; 5. Strong foundation; 6. Strength; 7. The seventh heaven; 8. ways; 9. Crease in things 10. Ali bin Abi Talib (as); 11. Curly hair; 12. Wideness. There are many narratives in this field, which mostly have weak chain of documents. In addition, the difference of commentators has also affected the Persian and Latin translations of this word and has caused different translations. This research was done with the library method and the new semantics approach (use of substitution relations) to reach the correct meaning and finally accepted the meaning of the stars.

Journal of Quran and Hadith Historical Studies, Volume:29 Issue: 3, 2023
75 to 97
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