The Necessity of Ideological Reanalysis of Persian Poetry with a Theological Stylistics Approach (Case Study: The Component of the Possibility of Sighting God in Nizami Ganjavi's Poetry)

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Article Type:
Case Study (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

Throughout its periods of prosperity and adversity, Iranian Islamic culture has experienced significant ideological shifts under the influence of two prominent figures in Sufism and Islamic philosophy. The regions of Great Khorasan and ancient Transoxiana, which served as the cradle and hub for various major sects, such as Jabriyya, Mu'tazila, Ash'ara, Maturidiyya, Hashviyya, Moshbaha, Karramiyya, Murji'ah, and the Shia sects, became a battleground for religious conflicts and a diversity of theological perspectives, particularly up to the 4th and 5th centuries. These religious conflicts, which ignited a wide array of inter-sectarian and intra-sectarian disputes, gradually found expression in the thoughts and language of Iranian poets, giving rise to a rich tapestry of ideological beliefs in their poetry. Regrettably, the theological analyses of Persian literature to date have often been marred by generalizations and biases. In this article, the authors proposed the concept of "ideological stylistics with a theological approach" to circumvent generalizations and demonstrate the departure from sectarian belief norms in Persian poetry. From this vantage point, the concept of "sighting God" within Islamic sects has been dissected into more nuanced intellectual themes. By comparing the beliefs of various theological sects regarding this concept, the authors have unveiled the ideological interplay of symbolic and meaningful words in Hakim Nizami's poetry, revealing two grammatical and rhetorical layers. The theological stances of Hakim Nizami in the realm of "Sighting God in the Ascension" have been found to align with the beliefs of Abu Hasan al-Ash'ari.

Language:
Persian
Published:
Textual Criticism of Persian Literature, Volume:15 Issue: 4, 2023
Pages:
23 to 49
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