Clinical Challenges of the COVID-19 Vaccines: Frequency of Serious Adverse Events After Immunization in Hospitalized Patients

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Background and aims

 Today, the role of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) vaccines in preventing the disease and reducing the severity of the disease is undeniable; however, there is a possibility of serious adverse events following immunization (sAEFI) that might be life-threatening. The present study was designed to identify the frequency of the most common sAEFI in hospitalized people after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine in the south of Iran.

Methods

 This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2022. In total, since the start of the COVID-19 vaccination program in the city of Larestan, in the south of Iran, a total of 68 sick people have been hospitalized due to complications caused by the vaccine. The research tool of the present study was a standard checklist called the sAEFI of the COVID-19 vaccine.

Results

 A total of 68 hospital cases were reviewed. The mean age of the individuals with sAEFI was 59.78±12.70 years, and 21 (56.8%) of them were females. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was the most common 24 (64.9%) sAEFI. Based on the results, 2 (5.4%) had acute coronary syndrome (ACS), 2 (5.4%) had Guillain-Barré syndrome, and 2 (5.4%) had a stroke.

Conclusion

 It can be mentioned that there is always a possibility of sAEFI, but its frequency in the general population is extremely rare. However, the most common sAEFIs included adverse drug reactions, stroke, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. The readiness of health care staff for early detection of possible sAEFI can be effective in reducing the severity of the sAEFI.

Language:
English
Published:
Epidemiology and Health System Journal, Volume:10 Issue: 4, Autumn 2023
Pages:
175 to 179
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